acrocyanosis- Turning blue due to poor circulation
aorta- The main artery of the body that originates from the left ventricle and down through the abdomen
aortic dilation – Expansion of the aorta that may result in aortic aneurysm
aneurysm- A bulged, weak spot in the artery supplying the brain with blood
autosomal dominant- The gene for the disease only needs to be passed on by one parent for illness to occur.
autosomal recessive-The gene for the disease needs to be passed on by both parents for illness to occur.
Beighton score- Scale used to test for hEDS. Anything above a five out of nine on the scale is usually considered a positive result.
bursae- small fluid filled snacks found in the joints
bursitis- Inflammation of the bursae
cardiovascular- Having to do with the heart and blood vessels
collagen- a connective tissue that acts as the “glue” keeping our bodies together
comorbid- conditions that occur together
connective tissue- Just what it sounds like, connective tissue binds different parts of the body to each other.
degenerative joint disease (DJD)- breakdown of cartilage in your joints
de novo mutation -basically a brand new mutation
dental crowding- A lack of space for teeth to come in; usually fixed by orthodontia.
Ehler’s Danlos- a group of inheritable connective tissue disorders related to the formation of collagen.
Ehler’s Danlos III/ type 3- (see Hypermobile Ehler’s Danlos)
gastroparesis- paralysis of the stomach’s muscles
hematologic- having to do with blood
hernias- when an organ protrudes through the abdominal (or wherever it occurs) wall
hyperextensibility- When joints extend further than they should. Some people call this “double-jointed.”
Hypermobile Ehler’s Danlos (hEDS) – An inheritable connective tissue disorder caused by problems in the formation of collagen
hypocoagulability- blood that takes longer to clot
Iliotibial band- the ligament spanning from the outside of the thigh from the hip to the shin
Iliotibial band syndrome or “snapping hip syndrome”- Inflammation of the iliotibial band
invisible illness- An illness that is not obvious simply by observing the person inflicted.
joint laxity- loose joints usually caused by a connective tissue disorder
low-impact exercise- Activities that are less harsh or “jolts” your joints less. Swimming and pilates are low impact exercises.
malocclusion- (see dental crowding)
Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) – A condition in which the two valve flaps do not close adequately
mobility assistance devices- Devices such as canes, walkers, and wheelchairs that help people move around.
molluscoid pseudotumors- fleshy lesions associated with scars
neuropathic pain- pain caused by damaged nerve fibers
Osteoporosis- A condition in which bones become weaker and more brittle
periodontal disease- gum disease
Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)- a type of Dysautonomia (dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system)
prevalence- how often a condition occurs
prolapse- a “slipping” of an organ downward
Raynaud syndrome- A condition in which small blood vessels spasm during the cold and lead to cold or colorful extremities.
skeletomuscular- Having to do with your skeleton and muscles.
subluxations- a partial dislocation
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ)- pain and movement
problems around the jaw
tendon- attaches bone to muscle
tendonitis- inflammation of a tendon
TNXB- One of the genes found to be related to EDS. Haploinsufficiency of tenascin-X (encoded by TNXB) is associated with EDS.
von Willebrand disease- A condition that causes excessive bleeding